From 275 million world population a thousand years ago, the world today has a population of about 7. 7 billion people. That is a huge jump in number, and the humankind has indeed evolved from living in dark caves to high-rise condominiums and mansions.
If you were to bring the people from the past, they would inevitably be overwhelmed by all the innovations nowadays. You could say this world will be unrecognizable for them, and who would have imagined? We have gone from a wood fire to LED-light, rivers to luxurious pools, and the sound of the birds chirping to highly sophisticated music mix.
To ask where humans came from is a never-ending debate and would be too big to tackle. How about let us go back to the era of humankind. What are the time periods that marked the transformation of life?
Periodization is the categorization of time periods mainly revolving around human existence. It records the life and transformation from a period to another. By studying time periods, we can identify how much the human race has progressed. It is essential to know our history to avoid going back and repeating the same problem that may have caused a greatcataclysm, failure, or tragedy in the past.
We use BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) which mean the same and CE (Common Era) and AD (Anno Domini) which means in the year of the lord. The name came from the belief that the first year of the AD was the year Jesus Christ was born.
Distinctive Time Periods In Human History:
Stone Age was a prehistoric time covering the time when the primary source of building materials and all else was wood and stone. It was approximately between 50,000 BCE and 3,000 BCE when they were beginning to discover metal.
Bronze Age was another prehistory between 3,000 BCE and 1,300 BCE. From the name itself, it describes the time when the civilization, particularly in Europe and Asia, discovered the use of bronze as tools and weapons. It also marked the time when they first utilized the writing system.
Iron Age was a prehistoric time believed to be the time of the Hebrew Bible and the Indian Vedas or Sanskrit, and from the name, it marks the period when civilization discovered the use of iron. They found iron and steel to be stronger than bronze, and they began to use it for economic development.
Ancient History covers the period of power for specific civilizations namely Ancient Egypt 3000 BCE to 300 BCE, Ancient India 7,000 BCE to 5000 CE, Ancient Greece 8th century BCE, and Ancient Rome 8th century BCE to 476 CE.
Middle Ages was from 4CE to 1,500 CE. It is also called the post-classical era which began from the end of Roman Empire and The Renaissance. The birth of Islam in the Middle East also took place during this time. The Middle Ages marked the time of cultural darkness where there was scarcity in learning, and it was also the time of plagues and religious persecution.
Modern History includes the period of The Renaissance, Age of Discovery, and the Protestant Reformation. It was the time of the great artists namely Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo as well as famous scientists namely Galileo and Copernicus. It was the time when culture started to see the light giving way to the rebirth of learning.
The periods mentioned above include several divisions which distinguish a specific time in history markinga significant discovery and event such as The Exploration and great wars. We can say that the history of humankind is very distinctive and colorful. The generation today is lucky to see the past brought to life through books and movies. Whether the stories are real or not, it is always a great thing to look back and know that somewhere and sometime, it all began.