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    The History Of Lobotomy

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    Science is not just about math and inventions because everything about it is complicated. It is a bit dicey. Sometimes, people discover and experiment on things without the possibility of getting the same result. It is like creating things and using them differently. Everything is a bit benign, and science can either be good or bad. And sometimes, individuals learn stuff from their scientific endeavor that leads them to the most erroneous conclusion and application. One better example of this madness that entirely changed the way science gets perceived is the process of lobotomy.

    It was in the 21st century when a Portuguese physician Antonio Moniz introduced the process of lobotomy. For a lot of people in his era, the whole thing about lobotomy is remarkable and effective in treating different types of mental conditions. After winning a Nobel Prize, surgeons, neuroscientists, and physicians across the world welcomed and began adopting its method and continue administering it to mentally ill patients.  However, lobotomy might have been the best way to treat mental illness at that time, but the truth doesn’t lie. Irrevocably, it is destructive and far worse than inhumane. And yet, Moniz received a Nobel Prize in the history of medicine for the destructive mental health approach.

    How It All Started

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    What made lobotomy controversial way back was its few knowledge and studies that do not support strong evidence when it comes to brain functions. At that time, the process only relies on a few scenarios and records of few brain injuries. It does not hold a foundation of specifically knowing what is happening in the human brain. But not until the case of Phineas Gage come in hand. He was a railroad worker that experienced an accidental explosion where a railroad spike got stuck in his head. The spike stabbed in Phineas frontal lobe, but amazingly, he survived. However, after a few months of recovery, people noticed the changes in his personality. His friends and family then complain about him becoming mean and aggressive. That is because the part of his frontal lobe that damaged by the spike is the orbitofrontal cortex. It is the one responsible for handling and controlling emotions.

    Source: commons.wikimedia.org

    Before it gets called as lobotomy, it was John Fulton who began the process of cutting out chimpanzees’ section of brains to know how it will affect their behavior. It was then when he noticed that the chimps began exhibiting inappropriate behavior right after he took their frontal lobe. When he found out that his methods were similar to Phineas case, Fulton then presented his findings at the 1935 London 2nd Annual International Neurological Conference. And in that conference was Antonio Egas Moniz.

    Moniz got interested in Fulton’s research. He then thought of it as a fundamental basis to his unsupported theory that mental conditions were caused by malfunctioning brain cells in the frontal cortex. That is where Moniz proposed the procedure, based on Fulton’s work, in the aim to know and destroy the malfunctioning brain cells. But damages began when he perform lobotomy to several patients. Yes, most of the patients appear not to display any more symptoms of mental illness. However, these people began to feel emotionless. Permanently, in the attempt of removing the cause of mental illness by drilling out skulls and brain, lobotomy was unintentionally removing what made the patients’ human.

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    Treatment Of The Mentally Ill Throughout History (The Better View)

    Throughout all the changes and acknowledgment of different treatments for mental illness, the period where different types of treatment emerged. The 20th Century became an era of hopes and possibilities. It is the time where mental illness became less than a taboo and more of public concern. With that, people’s approach began to change, as well.

    Source: pexels.com

    20th Century (A Promising Era)

    A lot of people that are ill for or less more than a year appear cured because they followed self-care instructions and community therapy in asylums. The success of these people’s recovery made it possible for more asylums to pop up all over different countries, especially in Europe and the US. The experts became open to possibilities and options, so they attempted to experiment methods. These include hypnotism, talk therapy, as well as psychoanalysis.

    Along with the rampant growth of classified insane people, the first effort to conduct a surgical treatment also became an option. It was lobotomy. It received a high level of appreciation and acknowledgment in history. However, after the detrimental effect of the procedure began to emerge, lobotomy was dishonored all over the country. And eventually, around the world.

    In return of veterans from World War II, these individuals received a more intensive and improved mental illness treatment. Though some experts still believe in segregation and isolation of mentally ill people, the process then gets ignored. In the course of this era, a lot of medical experts allowed patients to have freedom. They refer to them as “outpatients” who can live with their families and have a healthy life. However, the problem began when people do not acknowledge the need for necessary psychological treatment anymore. As a result, many of these patients’ condition became worse.

    Source: pixabay.com

    21st Century

    In this era, there had been a lot of advancement in treatments and understanding of the mental illness. However, the problem is now worse because patients seem no longer accepted in public due to their conditions. People view these less fortunate individuals as less competent. With that, mentally ill individuals started to avoid social interactions which eventually created a stigma. Almost all of them are now afraid of choosing to get better; that is why they prefer to lose it than cure it. The 21st Century is the period where mental illness receives a lot of attention. More and more mental health experts are becoming willing to help. However, it became a standard that only those who experience physical dysfunctionality should receive necessary treatments. Those people that can still control their mental state at some point are considered less of a burden.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Recent

    As years pass by, mental health gets categorized in many forms. The signs and symptoms are now visible and identifiable. With that, the development of more modern treatments started to emerge. There are different types of drugs and various kinds of therapies. These include cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), supportive psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, and behavioral therapy, etc. These treatments prove that humans have come a long way in addressing mental illness. However, it shouldn’t stop there. There is still a lot that needs improvement, and a guarantee of getting there is possible.

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    Treatment Of The Mentally Ill Throughout History (Part II)

    With regard to the continuous acquisition of mental illness along with its appropriate treatments from Stone Age to middle age, its treatment evolution continues as well. People are getting closer to the factors that cause it as well as determining its signs and symptoms. Though achieving a concrete diagnosis is still impossible in those years, some light pushes people forward to understanding the difference between psychological imbalance and physical complications. Let’s move forward to mental illness evolution that determines its possible treatment.

    Industrial Revolution (1760 – 1830)

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    It was in this era where higher classes of medical experts are coming in. They became known as individuals with talents and superior intelligence that can explain behavioral changes. Usually, these experts see mental illness as something that needs instructional care. Unfortunately, though there are some cases that these health experts described the condition well, they are still unaware of how and why it develops. Some instances, these people do not know how to properly treat mentally ill patients and only rely on the positive result of their brutal actions. That is why, in this era; mentally ill people are thrown away to secluded institutions and asylums.

    Source: pexels.com

    19th Century

    The 19th Century began to show and address mentally ill people differently. It is where experts classified mentally ill individuals as non-functioning human beings. That is, regardless of their capability to communicate and express themselves. Asylums are popular, and it appears to be the most fundamental hospitals in this era. People believed that asylums are beneficial to the community because it removed mentally ill patients away from the public. However, treatments such as isolation, torture, and unauthorized neurological surgery become its biggest problem. That is because the definition of insanity became broad and started to include elders, people with epilepsy, and feeble-minded individuals. Therefore, it resulted in becoming a place of horror due to the inclusion of people that are never and not at all mentally ill.

    Source: pixabay.com

    End Of 19th Century

    At the end of the 19th Century, people began to acknowledge the benefits of the multiple-built asylums. They began to appreciate it because it becomes a place for the mentally ill people that allow living outside isolation from hospitals and prisons. It is at this end of the Century where asylums focused on making a better world for the mentally ill people by allowing them to experience life not different from the outside world. There, the patients are encouraged to walk around freely in the garden. People get treated as individuals who are capable of completing a task such as reading, gardening, sewing, as well as playing games. Most of the asylums are treating mentally ill individuals well because they focused more on community therapy.

    Since a lot of people began to understand the symptoms of mental illness, the evolution of treatment arises. That is because they managed to see growth in recovery. From there, experts became more and more sensitive in addressing behavioral patterns, so they wanted to make sure that the applied therapy process is genuinely working.

     

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    Treatment Of The Mentally Ill Throughout History

    With all the latest innovation of treating mental health today, have you ever wondered how the old age managed to survive it? Given this era, things are more convenient and somewhat accurate. There are tools and equipment that serves its significant purpose in handling diagnosis for specific conditions. But have you ever thought about mental illnesses complexity in those years where everything is just a scratch? Let’s travel back and see how mental illness treatments evolve throughout history.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Stone Age

    In the Stone Age, people believed that evil spirits bring mental illnesses. Since it is a condition where nothing seems visible at that time except for the change in habits and behavior, treating an ill person requires trepanation. It is where the drilling of holes in the patient’s skull, although his brain gets done. People at that time create the hole using a sharpened stone connected with a sturdy stick or wood. Since stone-aged people believe that the method is the only way to release the evil spirit in someone’s head, they regularly practice trepanation for every condition. That goes from headaches to seizures.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Greek (800 BC – 146 BC)

    In 800 BC, people believe that the cause of mental illness is from the wrath of God. It was as if as a punishment to those people who do not obey and follow His rules. It was then when the father of medicine, Hippocrates, introduced the concept of mental illness early on. His idea of mental conditions revolves around the imbalance senses of humor of people. It gets defined as bodily fluids such as black bile which represents the earth, yellow bile for fire, blue bile for water, and red bile for blood. Hippocrates emphasized that when a person’s humor appears imbalanced, his physical attributes, personality, and brain function get affected. Treating it that time needs bloodletting and restrains.

    Romans (31 BCE – 476 CE)

    Greco-Roman god, Asclepius, introduced the first distinguishing features of delusion, hallucination, and illusion at the start of 31 BCE. It was him that stressed out that mental illness seems caused by environmental factors where treating it will only require relaxing treatments. From then on, suggestions from different Greek medicine experts received importance. These include exercising the minds by making patients participate in discussions with philosophers to remove fears. There is an emphasis on observation in psychic pathology based on the patients’ nervous system. That is where the start of noticing signs of malfunctioning neurological structures.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Middle Age (9500 AD 1500)

    It is on this stage where mental illnesses were again caused by demonic possession aside from stress and hysteria. That is the reason why in the middle years of the Roman era, the treatments for mental conditions include hearing mass, exorcism, and drinking of cold water. People believed that these methods would make the demon uncomfortable that it will then leave the patients’ body immediately.

    Following history, it appears that mental illnesses already exist. However, treatments vary depending on the beliefs and traditions that people have on that day forward.

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    Cultural Diversity And Mental Health

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    Even with different cultures and beliefs, anyone can be affected by a disease or illness the same way. There is no exception to this. Although the difference is how each culture reacts to situations. Especially in mental health, some cultures support the advocacy with visits to therapists and specialists, but there are those who look the other way and deal with their emotions differently.

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    Mental Health Treatments Then And Now

     

    Source: theatlantic.com

     

    In America, many people are significantly afflicted by mental illness. The National Alliance on Mental Illness reports that there is one out of five Americans who are diagnosed with a mental health condition every year. Overall, that would make about 44 million Americans or approximately 18% of the whole population. Additionally, nearly 15% of children between 8 and 15 experience severe mental health disorder once or twice in their lives. Because of this data, perceptions and views of people have fortunately changed towards the positive nowadays, although undoubtedly stigma still endures up until today. However, psychologists and other mental health professionals agree that more and more people now see a link between mental illness and mental well-being, one’s capacity to be functional at home or work, and we perceive the world and our lives today. Perhaps this is because of the holistic care and the community-driven approaches that are being introduced around mental health.

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    4 Things You Need To Know About Mental Health

    The number of people who suffer from mental illnesses or psychological disorders has risen over the past few years. Several studies and researches have been conducted to look into this matter. Experts want to find out the primary reason why the statistics for people who are depressed, stressed, anxious and mentally disturbed keep on rising. If you look into the findings of these professionals, you will find out that several factors affect the mental health condition of a particular individual.

    Source: pixabay.com

    In today’s article, we would like to focus on educating everyone about the top few things to remember when it comes to the issue of mental health. It is crucial to learn more about these so that you can become better equipped to fight your mental illness or help someone who has a psychological disorder. Make sure to familiarize yourself with these:

     

    Stigma Makes Everything More Difficult

    Are you aware that there are still several societies or communities who consider mental health issues as a taboo? Unfortunately, some individuals are quick on making judgments against other people. Because of this, it becomes difficult to spread awareness about these topics. Some people will reject scientific beliefs about mental health. For them, when a person has a mental condition, they would immediately assume that the said individual is insane or crazy. All these make everything challenging in the life of a person battling against mental disorders.

     

    There Is A Way Out

    If you are the one who is suffering from a mental condition, the first thing that you must never forget is the fact that there is a way out. Just because you are going through a difficult phase in your life right now does not mean that you no longer have a way out. There are several techniques and strategies that you can use to get out of your current situation. Consequently, if your partner or family member who has the illness, then be sure to keep your faith and be strong. He or she can survive the battle as long as you are around to help and support.

    Source: pixabay.com

     

    Acceptance Is The Key

    Another crucial thing that you need to do is to accept your current condition. Stop denying to yourself about your mental illness. Keep in mind that the more you shrug off the idea that you are sick, the more difficult it would become on your part to handle the situation. Take note that lying to yourself would only make the situation worse. It will not result in any benefit at all, which is why you have to accept reality. It may be painful and heartbreaking to do, but you have no other choice. What is important is to be true and honest to yourself as well as those surrounding you.

     

    Professional Help Is Available

    As already mentioned above, there is still a stigma against mental health. It is one of the reasons why many people are hesitant to consult with a psychiatrist or therapist because they are afraid that others will judge them the moment they get in touch with the said experts. Make sure that you do away with this kind of mindset because it is entirely wrong. The act of seeking professional help is not a sign of weakness but strength. You are courageous enough to admit to yourself that something is wrong and that you need help from someone. That is the first step to making things right in your life.

    Conclusion

    Mental health is a serious issue that you must prioritize at all times. Stop doing things that can lead to its deterioration. Instead, find time to relax and understand yourself. Learn how to exercise regularly or follow a balanced diet (see some suggested exercise and right meals here: www.sheknows.com) so that you can somehow improve your mental health. At the same time, do not be embarrassed to set an appointment with your chosen therapist or psychiatrist. Remember that it is within your rights to seek professional help, especially when you think that it is necessary. Remember to act fast when it comes to dealing with mental disorders so that you can avoid complications. Take your time in searching for the right person to help you on this journey.

     

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  • Mental Health: How To Look For Professional Help

    Most people with mental health problems and psychological disorders choose to deny the existence of their condition to the ones they love. These people are afraid that their loved ones would see them differently because of their state of mind. For this reason, it is important for several people to reach out to those who have mental health problems. Be sure to be sensitive enough to know if someone in your life is suffering from such issues.

    Source: pixabay.com

    After this, you have to make an effort in knowing about the condition of the said person. How long has he been suffering from his mental health condition? Is there something that you can do to help? Is he willing to accept support from those surrounding him? Knowing the answers to these questions can help you decide as to the proper course of action to take. If you choose to help that person seek professional help, it is vital for you to know some of the common tips to remember.

    Before anything else, you must understand the reality that there are already hundreds of mental health experts who are offering their services to the public. Your goal is to find the right one who can help your friend in so many ways. Do not connect with a therapist or psychiatrist who has no known track record in the community. Here are the tops things to keep in mind:

    Source: pixabay.com

    Research About The Condition

    Be sure to find out about the true or real condition of the person that you want to help. Take note that there are various mental health problems or issues that any person may suffer from. Each of them has its own set of signs and symptoms. It is best to get all the necessary details that you can about the illness so that it will be easier to discuss the problem with an expert. What you need to avoid is making any diagnosis about the other person’s condition. Remember that only licensed medical practitioners or psychiatrists have the authority to make the diagnosis after careful study and checkup.

    Read Reviews And Feedback

    One of the advantages of having access to the Internet is that it becomes so easy to read specific information about a particular individual. For example, if you are searching for a potential therapist who can help your friend, do not forget to look at the online profile or website of the said individual. In so doing, you can already check whether he has a good reputation or not. At the same time, you can also check or look into the different listings available online. Most of these website listings have reviews feature about the best professionals. All you must do is to read what their previous clients or customers wrote about them. However, it is suggested to verify the sources so that you can get correct information.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Book An Appointment

    Do not rush the process of selecting a therapist for your friend. It is highly recommended to set an appointment first with the therapist so that you can ask questions ahead of time as well as clarifications about specific information. Feel free to discuss the rate or service fee so that you will not be shocked about the price. Keep in mind that the rate depends on the specialization of the professional involved. For example, if your friend is suffering from a major depressive disorder, then it is ideal if you will look for a therapist who is excellent at treating the said issue.

    Conclusion

    If there is one thing that you have to remind yourself at this point, it is the fact that you can never force someone to go on therapy if he does not want to. The most that you can do is encourage him to try one. If he continues to refuse, the right thing to do is to let it go. You must respect his decision. What is important is that you make an effort to help him in any way you can.

    Remember to remain helpful to those who need your assistance and support. Mental health problems are serious issues that must be addressed as soon as possible. Every help you send can go a long way.

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    Tips In Dealing With A Mentally Ill Person

    Dealing with someone who has a mental health issue or condition is not an easy thing to do, especially If you have no experience in this area. As such, it is entirely normal to feel fear and intimidation whenever you come face to face with the said individual. At the same time, there is also a tendency that you would feel helpless since you have no idea on how to assist or support the said person. The situation becomes more problematic if the other individual is a family member of yours.

    Source: pixabay.com

    For these reasons, it is ideal if you will make an effort to learn the basic tips and tricks to note or remember when it comes to connecting with the said persons. At this point, there is a great necessity to emphasize this need because one wrong move can already give rise to several adverse effects. Below are some of the strategies that you need to familiarize:

    Know The Condition

    The first thing that you must do is to study the mental condition of the other person. Never make any assumption about his illness because you might be wrong. Keep in mind that such an issue is of a sensitive nature, which means that you must be careful with any information that will come across your way. Another benefit of researching about the illness is that it can give you a more profound and full understanding of the mental condition. If this continues to happen, you can already be considered as an expert.

    Ask Around

    Do you know someone who is suffering from a mental illness that has already recovered? Are you friends with someone who has the same experience as you? If yes, feel free to get in touch with the said individuals as they can help you understand the potential issues. Talking to someone who has experienced what you are currently going through will ease the burden that you are feeling. Conversations with them can give you better ideas on how to be right in dealing with a mentally ill person – may it be a loved one, a work colleague or a family friend.

     Stop Acting Weird

    Remind yourself that just because someone has a mental problem or psychological issue does that automatically make such person unbearable to be around. At the same time, understand the reality that a person with a mental health condition may be stubborn at times, but it is not sufficient to act weird whenever he is around. The right and ideal thing to do is to act normal so that he will not feel that he is different from the rest. When you continue to treat him differently from others, he will feel rejection. In the long run, it can lead to serious problems that can lead to an awkward friendship or relationship.

    Source: pixabay.com

    Talk To One Another

    Let the other person feel that you value his presence in your life. Find a way to make him think that you are always willing to listen to what he has to say. If possible, cancel your appointments to spend time with him. However, such action is only ideal if the conversation that you will have is of grave matter. However, if you will only have small talks, it is suggested to do it over the weekend wherein both of you can be free from your obligations at work or your business.

    Be More Understanding

    As already mentioned above, it can be challenging to be around someone who has a mental health problem. The symptoms of his mental illness can cause turmoil in your relationship with one another. Even if this happens, the right thing to do is to increase your level of patience and understanding. You have to understand the fact that the other person does not always act based on his own voluntary choices. Unfortunately, his sickness can make him do things, which he does not intend to do.

    Watch Your Words

    Another thing to remember and keep in mind is that you must be sensitive enough to filter or choose the words that come out of your mouth whenever you are having conversations with the said person. As already emphasized in the earlier part of this article, the other individual is quite unstable. He can be sensitive, which can lead to aggression or emotional breakdown. The ideal or smart thing to do is to think twice before speaking. If you are not sure about a particular language or word, it is best if you will just keep your mouth shut.

    Conclusion

    There is a great significance to remember the strategies mentioned above to ensure that you will not have a hard time dealing with a mentally ill person. These tips may also come in handy if you are fond of traveling to different places and exploring different kinds of cultures. If you believe that the other person’s condition has worsened during your interaction, make sure to call a therapist or psychiatrist ahead of time.

    Source: pixabay.com

     

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